To open and close terminals
To modify a terminal window
To work with the contents of terminal windows
- Use the scrollbar, which is usually displayed on the right side of each terminal window.
- Press the Shift-Page Up, Shift-Page Down, Shift-Up (Ctrl-Shift-Up in 0.8.0), Shift-Down (Ctrl-Shift-Down in 0.8.0), Shift-Home, or Shift-End keys.
- Use the middle wheel button on your mouse if applicable.
Shift-Page UpShift-Page DownCtrl-SCtrl-QScrollbackGeneralPreferences
- To select a character at a time, click on the first character that you want to select and drag the mouse to the last character that you want to select.
- To select a word at a time, double-click on the first word that you want to select and drag the mouse to the last word that you want to select.
- To select a line at a time, triple-click on the first line that you want to select and drag the mouse to the last line that you want to select.
Edit → Copy
- To paste text that you copied by selection only, middle-click at the command prompt. If you do not have a middle mouse button, refer to the X Server documentation for information about how to emulate the middle mouse button. This is equivalent to using the Edit → Paste Selection.
- To paste text that you explicitly copied, choose Edit → Paste.
- Move the mouse over the URL until the URL is underlined.
- Right-click on the URL to open the context menu.
- Choose Open Link from the context menu to start your preferred Web Browser and display the file located at the URL. Since 0.8.0, you can also use Ctrl-click for that.
- Move the mouse over the email address until the email address is underlined.
- Right-click on the email address to open the context menu.
- Choose Compose Email from the context menu to compose an email in your preferred Mail Reader.
To change the terminal title
|To change the terminal title|
To change the title of the currently displayed terminal, perform the following three steps:
- Choose Terminal → Set Title... or double-click the the terminal tab header.
- Type the new title in the Title text box. Terminal applies the change immediately.
- Click the button Close or press the Return key to close the Set Title dialog.
To reset the terminal title to its default behavior, perform the same three steps as described above, but enter an empty title.
Terminal will substitute these tokens:
%d: name of the current directory (short).
%D: current directory (long).
%w: window title set by shell.
%#: the session id.
To recover your terminal
This section provides some advice if you have problems with terminals.Terminal → ResetTerminal → Clear Scrollbar and Reset
To switch between different encodings
- Choose Terminal → Set Encoding and select your preferred encoding from the menu. This only applies to the active terminal.
- Select a default encoding in the Advanced section of the Terminal Preferences dialog.