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Building Xfce

To compile a complete Xfce desktop from source requires some information about the dependency chain and the various configure options available in each module. This page will describe this in detail, so you can compile your own Xfce desktop; both system wide as well as in your $HOME directory.


First you need to decide which version of Xfce you want to compile. Version numbers are mostly build like this: 1.2.3 ⇒ major.minor.micro. If the minor version is an even number, it is a stable release, odd number are development snapshots. The micro number increases each release. Also keep the major.minor version the same for the core components (some packages don't follow those numbers) else you will most likely get dependency version problems during compiling.

The latest releases available can be found on the download page. You can also build from the source repositories if you have enough experience, more about that below.


If you've decided which version you want to compile, there are a couple of ways to download the source code. You can choose to build official released packages or clone the source repositories. Choosing the released packages is recommended here; the source repositories could be broken and are not suitable for production environments, but on the other hand always contains the latest features, bug fixes and translations.

If your not sure what to choose: easiest is to start with the latest stable fat-tarball of a collection release.

Released packages

Xfce packages have two types of releases. Click the links to open the the download locations.

  • Collection releases of the core modules
    From time to time a new collection release if Xfce is made. A collection release consists of a number of individual tarballs and a fat-tarball that contains all the individual tarballs.
    The collection releases always contain the correct versions to build the other packages in the release. If you want the latest version of each package, you can start with a collection release and then look for individual bug fix releases, explained in the item below.
  • Individual releases
    Each package in Xfce is allowed to make development and stable releases at any time, see the release model documentation for more information.

From the code repository

For the latest code you need to make local copies of the GIT repositories, this is the place where developers submit their code. If you decide to use GIT, try to use the same branch for all the packages to avoid dependency version problems.

You first need to make clones of each GIT repository, like the command below, where $category is for example xfce and $module xfce4-panel. If you click on a module in the online repository list the clone uri is shown at the bottom of the page.

git clone git://git.xfce.org/$category/$module

After the repository is cloned you need to choose which branch you want to compile. By default the master branch is selected, but there are also branches for stable releases like xfce-4.8. The stable branches contain the latest bug fixes without any major new feature, the master branch is the development version for the next release of Xfce. Both should not be used in a production environment.

To switch to another branch (git branch -a lists all available branches) run the following command inside the cloned directory to switch to, for example, the xfce-4.8 branch:

git checkout --track origin/xfce-4.8

After this you can update your local copy of the repository with git pull and switch to another branch with git checkout $branchname. Read the GIT manuals for more information about using GIT.


Build requirements

Before you can start compiling, you need a couple of packages that are required to compile Xfce. Use your distributions package manager to install those packages. Additional packages are required too for some modules, but we'll get to that later.

  • Gtk+ and Glib headers, in some distributions called the -devel packages
    • Xfce 4.8 requires Gtk+ 2.14 and Glib 2.20
    • Xfce 4.6 requires Gtk+ 2.10 and Glib 2.12
  • pkgconfig
  • Coffee

Xfce's dependency chain

The Xfce packages need to be built in a specific order. If you don't follow this, compile options might not be available or the configure stage will abort because of missing dependencies.

  • xfce4-dev-tools (only required if you build from GIT)
  • libxfce4util
  • xfconf
  • libxfce4ui (new in 4.8), libxfcegui4 (deprecated since 4.8), libxfce4menu (deprecated since 4.8), garcon (new in 4.8)
  • exo
  • xfce4-panel
  • thunar
  • xfce4-settings, xfce4-session, xfdesktop, xfwm4, xfce-utils, xfce4-appfinder, …

Package specific dependencies

Some core packages in Xfce have additional or optional dependencies, all are listed in the table below for the latest stable version. We only show the top-dependency (so xfce4-panel also requires gtk+, but libxfce4ui already depends on that).

Note that some of the package-names may vary between distributions.
Package Dependency(-ies) Optional Dependency(-ies)
xfce4-dev-tools autoconf, automake, intltool, pkgconfig
libxfce4util glib 1)
xfconf libxfce4util, dbus-glib
libxfce4ui libxfce4util, gtk+, xfconf libstartup-notification, libgladeui
garcon gio, libxfce4util 2)
libxfcegui4 3) libxfce4util, gtk+, libglade libstartup-notification, libgladeui, xfconf
exo libxfce4util, gtk+, perl-uri, libxfce4ui 4)
xfce4-panel libxfce4ui, exo, garcon, libwnck libstartup-notification
thunar libxfce4ui, exo, libpng, gtk+, glib libexif, dbus-glib, gconf, libstartup-notification,freetype, libjpeg, libxfce4panel, xfconf
xfce4-settings libxfce4ui, exo, xfconf, dbus-glib, libXi, libXrandr libXcursor, libnotify
xfce4-session libxfce4ui, perl-xml-parser, libwnck, dbus-glib gnome-keyring, gconf 5)
xfwm4 libxfce4util, libxfce4ui, libxfconf, dbus-glib, libwnck libstartup-notification
xfdesktop libxfce4ui, xfconf, libwnck, exo 6) thunarx, garcon, libnotify
xfce4-appfinder libxfce4ui, garcon, gio 7)
xfce-utils 8) libxfce4ui dbus-glib
gtk-xfce-engine-2 gtk+
tumbler dbus-glib, gio, gmodule, gdk-pixbuf freetype-config (fonts), jpeg (jpeg thumbnails from exif), libffmpegthumbnailer (video), gstreamer-0.10 (video), poppler-glib (pdf), libgsf (odf), libopenraw-gnome (various raw images)


Installation location and variables

Now it is finally time to start compiling the Xfce desktop. Last remaining thing is to choose an installation location. Possible examples are /usr, /usr/local and /opt/xfce4 for a system-wide installation or $HOME/local if you want to install in your home directory (whatever you choose, never put spaces in the name). We will refer to this location as ${PREFIX} in the code examples below!

You need to make sure the PKG_CONFIG_PATH variable include the path to the *.pc files installed by the Xfce libraries:

export PKG_CONFIG_PATH="${PREFIX}/lib/pkgconfig:$PKG_CONFIG_PATH"

You can also set some optimization flags for the compiler. This may speed up Xfce, but can also make debugging impossible on some systems. Even worse, this can also cause gcc to generate broken code, so be careful with this. The line below should be safe for most system.

export CFLAGS="-O2 -pipe"

Compiling and installing

Next step is compiling the various packages following the dependency chain above. If you have downloaded the tarballs, you need to unpack them before going on. Inside each package directory you should run the following command:

./configure --prefix=${PREFIX} && make && make install

To build from GIT you need to install the xfce4-dev-tools package first, all other packages should be installed with this command:

./autogen.sh --enable-maintainer-mode --prefix=${PREFIX} && make && make install

Specific configure options for each package can be shown with ./configure --help. Note that most packages benefit if you pass the configure option --disable-debug, however if you want to provide backtraces or test new code, no $CFLAGS, no binary stripping and --enable-debug=full are recommended. Please note that --disable-debug is not available for xfce4-dev-tools.


Hopefully everything went fine after reading this guide. If you still have problems or questions you can ask on the Xfce users mailing list, the forum or ask distribution related questions on their forums and mailing lists.

Have fun building Xfce!

new in 4.10, was gobject in previous releaes
new dependency since 0.1.9
deprecated, not required for the Xfce core packages since 4.8
4) , 7)
new dependency since 4.10
not a dependecy since Xfce 4.10
was optional in 4.8
deprecated fince Xfce 4.10, file conflicts with other packages