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xfce:thunar:unix-filesystem [2019/11/22 02:53]
kevinbowen added bottom of page navigation
xfce:thunar:unix-filesystem [2019/11/30 21:51] (current)
kevinbowen added icon and section dividers. minor spelling corrections
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 ====== The UNIX File System ====== ====== The UNIX File System ======
  
 While the Thunar file manager does a good job at abstracting the details of the underlying file system so the user does not need to care about them, it is sometimes useful to understand the basic concepts to get the whole picture. This section tries to give a brief introduction to the concepts of the UNIX file system, which is used today by all incarnations of UNIX, including Linux. While the Thunar file manager does a good job at abstracting the details of the underlying file system so the user does not need to care about them, it is sometimes useful to understand the basic concepts to get the whole picture. This section tries to give a brief introduction to the concepts of the UNIX file system, which is used today by all incarnations of UNIX, including Linux.
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 ===== Folders and Paths ===== ===== Folders and Paths =====
  
-In a UNIX file system, all folders are arranged in a simple inverted tree structure descending and branching down from a single top-level folder which is called the root directory (the term directory is often used instead of folder) and displayed as {gui>​File System} in Thunar. This means that you can get from any folder to any other by going up the tree until you reach a common point, then down the tree through the appropriate ​subfolders ​until you reach your target.+In a UNIX file system, all folders are arranged in a simple inverted tree structure descending and branching down from a single top-level folder which is called the root directory (the term directory is often used instead of folder) and displayed as {gui>​File System} in Thunar. This means that you can get from any folder to any other by going up the tree until you reach a common point, then down the tree through the appropriate ​sub-folders ​until you reach your target.
  
-The position of any file or folder in the tree can be described by its path. The path is the list of folders you would have to descend through to get to the target folder or file, starting from the top-level folder. For example ''/​home/​luke''​ is the subfolder ''​luke''​ of the subfolder ''​home''​ of the top-level folder, and ''/​home/​luke/​myfile.txt''​ is the file ''​myfile.txt''​ in that subfolder. The leading ''/''​ in these paths represents the top-level folder.+The position of any file or folder in the tree can be described by its path. The path is the list of folders you would have to descend through to get to the target folder or file, starting from the top-level folder. For example ''/​home/​luke''​ is the subfolder ''​luke''​ of the subfolder ''​home''​ of the top-level folder, and ''/​home/​luke/​myfile.txt''​ is the file ''​myfile.txt''​ in that sub-folder. The leading ''/''​ in these paths represents the top-level folder.
  
 Every user has his or her own folder to hold personal files and settings. This folder is called the home directory and is displayed in Thunar as a special icon with the user's login name. The folder is similar to the ''​My Files''​ folder in Windows. The home directories of the various users in a system are usually located below the ''/​home''​ folder. For example ''/​home/​luke''​ would be the home directory of the user with the login name luke, while ''/​home/​jane''​ would be the home directory for the user with the login name jane. Every user has his or her own folder to hold personal files and settings. This folder is called the home directory and is displayed in Thunar as a special icon with the user's login name. The folder is similar to the ''​My Files''​ folder in Windows. The home directories of the various users in a system are usually located below the ''/​home''​ folder. For example ''/​home/​luke''​ would be the home directory of the user with the login name luke, while ''/​home/​jane''​ would be the home directory for the user with the login name jane.
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 ===== File Types ===== ===== File Types =====
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 !As mentioned earlier, (most) devices are also accessed through the file system. These special device files are usually located in the ''/​dev''​ folder. For example the special file ''/​dev/​hda''​ represents the first IDE disk on a Linux system. ​ !As mentioned earlier, (most) devices are also accessed through the file system. These special device files are usually located in the ''/​dev''​ folder. For example the special file ''/​dev/​hda''​ represents the first IDE disk on a Linux system. ​
  
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-===== Gnome virtual file system ​ =====+===== Gnome Virtual File System (GVFS) ​ =====
 Some thunar features, like **support for trash**, **removable media** and **remote file systems** only can be used if the [[https://​wiki.gnome.org/​Projects/​gvfs|gvfs]] packages provided by your distribution are installed Some thunar features, like **support for trash**, **removable media** and **remote file systems** only can be used if the [[https://​wiki.gnome.org/​Projects/​gvfs|gvfs]] packages provided by your distribution are installed
  
-E.g. For debian ​and derivates ​the packages "​gvfs-backends"​ and "​gvfs-fuse"​ are required.+E.g. For Debian ​and its' derivatives, ​the packages "​gvfs-backends"​ and "​gvfs-fuse"​ are required.
  
 Dependent on which gvfs-backends you want to use, further packages will need to be installed. Dependent on which gvfs-backends you want to use, further packages will need to be installed.