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apps:terminal:usage [2012/12/28 13:33]
nick [To scroll through previous commands and output]
apps:terminal:usage [2016/10/19 14:44] (current)
f2404 [To work with the contents of terminal windows]
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 ? To open a new terminal window ? To open a new terminal window
 ! Choose {gui>​File>​Open Terminal} (or right-click the terminal window and choose {gui>​Open Terminal}). ! Choose {gui>​File>​Open Terminal} (or right-click the terminal window and choose {gui>​Open Terminal}).
-! The new terminal inherits the working directory from its parent terminal.+! The new terminal ​by default ​inherits the working directory from its parent terminal ​(may be changed via [[advanced|hidden options]]).
  
 ? To close a terminal window ? To close a terminal window
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 ? To add a new tabbed terminal to a window ? To add a new tabbed terminal to a window
 ! Choose {gui>​File>​Open Tab} (or right-click the terminal window and choose {gui>​Open Tab}). ! Choose {gui>​File>​Open Tab} (or right-click the terminal window and choose {gui>​Open Tab}).
-The new terminal inherits the working directory from the previously active terminal.+The new terminal ​by default ​inherits the working directory from the previously active terminal.
  
 ===== To modify a terminal window ===== ===== To modify a terminal window =====
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 ! Choose {gui>​View>​Show Menubar} (or right-click the terminal window and choose {gui>​Show Menubar}). ! Choose {gui>​View>​Show Menubar} (or right-click the terminal window and choose {gui>​Show Menubar}).
  
-? To show a hidden ​menuba+? To show a hidden ​menubar
 ! Right-click the terminal window and choose {gui>​Show Menubar} from the popup menu. ! Right-click the terminal window and choose {gui>​Show Menubar} from the popup menu.
  
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 ! Choose {gui>​View>​Show Window Borders}. ! Choose {gui>​View>​Show Window Borders}.
  
-? To put a terminal window into fullscreen+? To put a terminal window into fullscreen ​mode
 ! Choose {gui>​View>​Fullscreen} from the menubar (or right-click the terminal window and choose {gui>​Fullscreen}). ! Choose {gui>​View>​Fullscreen} from the menubar (or right-click the terminal window and choose {gui>​Fullscreen}).
  
 ? To change the appearance of the terminal window ? To change the appearance of the terminal window
 ! See the section called [[preferences|Preferences]] for information about the options that you choose in the Xfce Terminal Preferences dialog to change the appearance and behavior of the terminal windows. For example, you can change the background color or the location of the scrollbar. ! See the section called [[preferences|Preferences]] for information about the options that you choose in the Xfce Terminal Preferences dialog to change the appearance and behavior of the terminal windows. For example, you can change the background color or the location of the scrollbar.
 +
  
 ===== To work with the contents of terminal windows ===== ===== To work with the contents of terminal windows =====
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 ! Perform one of the following actions ! Perform one of the following actions
   * Use the scrollbar, which is usually displayed on the right side of each terminal window.   * Use the scrollbar, which is usually displayed on the right side of each terminal window.
-  * Press the {key>​Shift+Page Up}, {key>​Shift+Page Down}, {key>​Shift+Up},​ {key>​Shift+Down},​ {key>​Shift+Home},​ or Shift+End} keys.+  * Press the {key>​Shift+Page Up}, {key>​Shift+Page Down}, {key>​Shift+Up} ​({key>​Ctrl+Shift+Up} in 0.8.0), {key>​Shift+Down} ​({key>​Ctrl+Shift+Down} in 0.8.0), {key>​Shift+Home},​ or {key>Shift+End} keys.
   * Use the middle wheel button on your mouse if applicable.   * Use the middle wheel button on your mouse if applicable.
 ! Terminal mimics the FreeBSD console when Scroll Lock is pressed. When scroll lock is active, ordinary input and output from the shell is suspended and you can scroll through the history with {key>​Shift+Page Up} and {key>​Shift+Page Down} or using the optional scrollbar. Press {key>​Ctrl+S} to activate the scroll lock and {key>​Ctrl+Q} to disable it afterwards. ! Terminal mimics the FreeBSD console when Scroll Lock is pressed. When scroll lock is active, ordinary input and output from the shell is suspended and you can scroll through the history with {key>​Shift+Page Up} and {key>​Shift+Page Down} or using the optional scrollbar. Press {key>​Ctrl+S} to activate the scroll lock and {key>​Ctrl+Q} to disable it afterwards.
 ! The number of lines that you can scroll back in the terminal window is determined by the {gui>​Scrollback} setting in the {gui>​General} section of the Terminal [[preferences|Preferences]] dialog. ! The number of lines that you can scroll back in the terminal window is determined by the {gui>​Scrollback} setting in the {gui>​General} section of the Terminal [[preferences|Preferences]] dialog.
  
-==== To select and copy text ==== +To select and copy text 
-You can select text in any of the following ways:+You can select text in any of the following ways:
   * To select a character at a time, click on the first character that you want to select and drag the mouse to the last character that you want to select.   * To select a character at a time, click on the first character that you want to select and drag the mouse to the last character that you want to select.
   * To select a word at a time, double-click on the first word that you want to select and drag the mouse to the last word that you want to select.   * To select a word at a time, double-click on the first word that you want to select and drag the mouse to the last word that you want to select.
   * To select a line at a time, triple-click on the first line that you want to select and drag the mouse to the last line that you want to select.   * To select a line at a time, triple-click on the first line that you want to select and drag the mouse to the last line that you want to select.
-These actions select all text between the first and last items. For all text selections, Terminal copies the selected text into the clipboard when you release the mouse button. To explicitly copy the selected text, choose {gui>​Edit>​Copy}. +These actions select all text between the first and last items. For all text selections, Terminal copies the selected text into the clipboard when you release the mouse button. To explicitly copy the selected text, choose {gui>​Edit>​Copy}.
- +
-==== To paste text into a terminal ==== +
- +
-If you previously copied text to the clipboard, you can paste the text into a terminal by performing one of the following actions:+
  
 +? To paste text into a terminal
 +! If you previously copied text to the clipboard, you can paste the text into a terminal by performing one of the following actions:
   * To paste text that you copied by selection only, middle-click at the command prompt. If you do not have a middle mouse button, refer to the X Server documentation for information about how to emulate the middle mouse button. This is equivalent to using the {gui>​Edit>​Paste Selection}.   * To paste text that you copied by selection only, middle-click at the command prompt. If you do not have a middle mouse button, refer to the X Server documentation for information about how to emulate the middle mouse button. This is equivalent to using the {gui>​Edit>​Paste Selection}.
   * To paste text that you explicitly copied, choose {gui>​Edit>​Paste}.   * To paste text that you explicitly copied, choose {gui>​Edit>​Paste}.
  
-==== To drag a file name into a terminal window ​==== +To drag a file name into a terminal window 
- +You can drag a file name to a terminal from another application such as a file manager or a web browser. The terminal displays the path and the full name of the URI.
-You can drag a file name to a terminal from another application such as a file manager or a web browser. The terminal displays the path and the full name of the URI. +
- +
-==== To access a hyperlink ==== +
- +
-To access a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) that is displayed in a terminal window, perform the following steps: ​+
  
 +? To access a hyperlink
 +! To access a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) that is displayed in a terminal window, perform the following steps: ​
   * Move the mouse over the URL until the URL is underlined.   * Move the mouse over the URL until the URL is underlined.
   * Right-click on the URL to open the context menu.   * Right-click on the URL to open the context menu.
-  * Choose {gui>​Open Link} from the context menu to start your preferred Web Browser and display the file located at the URL. +  * Choose {gui>​Open Link} from the context menu to start your preferred Web Browser and display the file located at the URL. Since 0.8.0you can also use {key>​Ctrl}-click for that.
- +
-==== To compose an email ==== +
- +
-To compose an email to an address that is displayed in a terminal windowperform the following steps: ​+
  
 +? To compose an email
 +! To compose an email to an address that is displayed in a terminal window, perform the following steps: ​
   * Move the mouse over the email address until the email address is underlined.   * Move the mouse over the email address until the email address is underlined.
   * Right-click on the email address to open the context menu.   * Right-click on the email address to open the context menu.
   * Choose {gui>​Compose Email} from the context menu to compose an email in your preferred Mail Reader. ​   * Choose {gui>​Compose Email} from the context menu to compose an email in your preferred Mail Reader. ​
 +
  
 ===== To change the terminal title ===== ===== To change the terminal title =====
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 This section provides some advice if you have problems with terminals. This section provides some advice if you have problems with terminals.
  
-==== To reset the terminal ​==== +To reset the terminal 
- +This will reset the internal state of the terminal. Choose {gui>​Terminal>​Reset}.
-This will reset the internal state of the terminal. +
- +
-  * Choose {gui>​Terminal>​Reset}. +
- +
-==== To reset the terminal and clear the terminal screen ====+
  
-  * Choose {gui>​Terminal>​Clear Scrollbar and Reset}. +? To reset the terminal and clear the terminal screen 
-  * You can also use the shell commands ''​reset''​ and ''​clear''​.+Choose {gui>​Terminal>​Clear Scrollbar and Reset}. You can also use the shell commands ''​reset''​ and ''​clear''​.
  
 ===== To switch between different encodings ===== ===== To switch between different encodings =====